Adapt Nutrition’s Pre- Train is advertised to increase performance and strength and additionally support energy and focus due to the inclusion of caffeine and vitamins B6 and B12. Several of the Ingredients included in Pre-Train have seen considerable scientific scrutiny in their effect on improved performance in terms of strength and aerobic ability. It must however be known that the inclusion of vitamin supplementation is not considered to aid performance unless individuals are deficient through their daily dietary intake and so the inclusion of vitamin B6 and B12 may have little to no effect in health individuals in terms of performance.
The inclusion of substances such as caffeine has been repeatedly proven to significantly increase the amount of reps participants have been able to achieve as opposed to a placebo group and caffeine has been highlighted to improve focus and alertness during bouts of extended exhaustive exercise. However there is little evidence that caffeine has any additional benefit to strength such as during a one rep max but rather improved the ability to carry out sustained exercise during longer workouts. In this way caffeine may be more beneficial to a hypertrophy style of training where workouts require a higher rep range and higher intensity with potentially less rest time.
Pre-Train could be a useful tool for endurance athletes as caffeine has also been shown to improve performance of sustained maximal endurance exercise. Additionally with the inclusion of taurine and beta alanine a reduction of intramuscular acidosis (lactic acid), improved anaerobic threshold, increased time to exhaustion and an improvement in VO2 max could be attained with the inclusion of Pre-Train into an athlete’s regimen.
The addition of Coenzyme Q10 (CQ10) in Pre-Train is suggested to improve available energy levels due to the involvement of CQ10 in ATP production as it is a coenzyme for at least three mitochondrial enzymes. However a second benefit of its inclusion would be its antioxidant properties. CQ10 has the ability to reduce oxidative stress which results formation of free radicals from energy production during exercise this would reduce the damage to muscle cells and improve overall recovery time for athletes.
A worthy ingredient employed by Pre-Train is Citrulline Malate which has been accredited with impressive improvements in performance with studies finding 52.92% average increase in reps of 80% of one rep max in both males and females, 40% reduction in muscle soreness seen in 90% of subjects, 34% increase in rate of oxidative ATP and a 20% increase in rate of phosphocreatine recovery post exercise. These improvements would have positive effects on both anaerobic and aerobic activity performed by an individual. It should be noted, however that the dosage for one serving of Pre-Train is 1500mg of Citrulline Malate whereas the studies that reported the above benefits used between 6 and 8 grams of Citrulline Malate and so the benefits may be somewhat reduced in those utilising Pre-Train without adding further Citrulline Malate themselves.
In conclusion Adapt Nutrition’s Pre-Train is an overall holistic supplement which boasts ingredients associated with improved performance but in some cases dosages may be too low or the ingredients may only be beneficial if the user is already deficient. However the use of this product should facilitate some improvement for most users with the ingredients included and will also ensure there is a reduced chance of a dietary deficiency that could hamper performance giving increased energy, focus and the ability to tolerate prolonged training. Additionally ingredients included hold benefits for recovery post exercise which is rarely seen in pre-workout supplements potentially placing Pre-Train above its rivals. Furthermore Pre-Train is accredited with no crash sensation after ingestion which can be a negative experience of using a pre-workout supplement making it an ideal choice for those new to pre-workouts.