Apple Vs Pear Body Shape: Real Dangers Of Fat Distribution

Those who have an apple-shape body (carry most fat around the trunk) have long been considered more at risk of developing conditions linked with obesity such as heart disease and diabetes than pear-shaped individuals who carry weight predominantly in the buttocks, hips and thighs.

However, the latest research suggests that pear shaped individuals do not get off as lightly as they had hoped and that the protective benefits of carrying more fat in the lower half of the body are more myth than fact.

Gluteal adipose tissue (buttock fat) has been found to secrete abnormal levels of the proteins Chemerin and Omentin-1 which can lead to inflammation and insulin resistance increasing the risk of diabetes and heart disease.

Carrying excessive amounts of body fat is a danger to your health no matter where you store it.


Jialil I, Devaraj S, Kaur H, Adams-Huet B, Bremer AA, Increased Chemerin and Decreased Omentin-1 in Both Adipose Tissue and Plasma in Nascent Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2013; DOI: 10.1210/jc.2012-3673.

About the Author

Job Role Sports Nutritionist and Social Media Coordinator Qualifications Bsc Sport and Exercise Science Steph has a competitive athletic background which spans 19 years. As a child she performed with the English Youth Ballet and had performed on the West End stage by the age of 10. Her enthusiasm for sport and fitness continued to grow as she did, encouraging her to learn more about nutrition and training. She began using her knowledge and personal experience to help others when she began coaching at the age of 16. From here, she went on to study Sport and Exercise Science at the University of Essex during which time she also received the Most Promising Newcomer Award from her University to mark her outstanding contribution to sport. During her first year of study she was introduced to partner stunt acrobatics and artistic gymnastics. After one year of dedicating herself to a lifestyle revolving around her sport, she was training with the best team in the UK who are currently ranked fifth in the world. Steph has worked in both the private and public sector coaching children and adults from grassroot to elite level as well as providing them with cutting edge advice on how to reach their goals. Steph has received awards for her choreography and has competed nationally and internationally meaning that she can back up her scientific knowledge with a wealth of experience. As our resident Sports Nutritionist, Steph is here to provide the most current and evidence based fitness, health and nutrition information to help you reach your health and fitness goals.


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