Isotonic Drinks And Their Potential Role In Regulating Heart Rate Both During And After Exercise

Increased physical activity levels can elevate body temperature, metabolic rate and therefore heat production, which can result in raised levels of perspiration (loss of water) and depletion of electrolytes such as sodium, zinc, magnesium and potassium and muscle and liver glycogen stores. The importance of maintaining adequate fluid levels at any time, never mind when training is vital to maintaining homeostasis i.e. normal internal and external bodily function. Vast amounts of research supports the use of isotonic drinks and prolonging exercise, enhancing hydration levels and maintaining electrolyte balance, as well as maximising concentration. In addition to this, brand new research by Mareno, Pastre, Ferreira et al. (2013) published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition has reinforced the benefit of isotonic drinks on concentration and neural function, but also on the potential autonomic regulation of cardiac function post exercise too! This could prove to be beneficial to both new and existing sport/exercise enthusiasts and professionals alike.

Here’s what they found:

Do not be deterred, but those people that exercise relatively infrequently are at an elevated risk of suffering irregular heart rhythms known as arrhythmias both during and after exercise, these are obviously not desirable and are not generally dangerous, but it is acknowledged that in some extreme cases arrhythmias have been known to be fatal. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is the term used to describe the variation of time between heartbeats, and isotonic beverages appear to increase the recovery rate from these HRV’s.

So it appears that isotonic drinks not only aid hydration and energy replenishment during and after training, but the electrolyte levels might also help to maintain blood volume and osmolality (level of solute/electrolyte per litre of solution/blood). This could enable the heart to recover more effectively in turn supporting your recovery, helping you to reach your training goals more effectively!

References

Moreno, I, L., Pastre, C, M., Ferreira, C., De Abreu, L, C., Valenti, V, E & Vanderlei, L, C. (2013). Effects of an isotonic beverage on autonomic regulation during and after exercise. Journal of The International Society Of Sports Nutrition. 10: 2. 

About the Author

Job Role Qualified Dietitian and Sports Nutritionist Qualifications BSc (Hons) Sports Science | BSc (Hons) Dietetics Tom has always participated in sport both recreationally and competitively which led to an unquenchable thirst for information on anything health, nutrition and fitness. After leaving school Tom went on to play for a football academy during which time he studied Sport and Exercise Science. From here he went on to study a BSc (Hons) Sport Science at UEA followed by his second BSc (Hons) degree, this time at the University of Hertfordshire studying Dietetics. Tom has worked in the fitness, educational and clinical nutrition industry starting out at David Lloyd Health and Leisure Clubs. He then went on to work as a Dietitian (RD) in the NHS, during which time he conducted clinics for healthy eating, weight loss and weight gain, as well as specialised consultations on Diabetes, IBS and Coeliac disease to name a few. He has vast amounts of experience at devising diet plans and supplement regimens, as well as working in the community with schools and competitive athletes. As Head Nutritionist and Supplement expert at Discount Supplements Tom is here to provide current and evidence based health and nutrition information to help you reach your health and fitness goals!
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