Fat burners are a very popular supplement choice but how much does the consumer know about the individual nutrients present in fat burning capsules/powders? The aim of these supplements is to promote fat loss and support the development of a lean physique. The ingredients and dosage present in fat burners varies between brands and in order to find the one most suitable for you it is important to know the key ingredients to look out for! The more you know, the more informed your choice will be when it comes to buying fat burners.
Conjucated Linoleic Acid (CLA)
Conjugated – Linoleic Acid (CLA) is a mixture of isomers derived from linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid which helps to support general health and reduce serum lipids. By aiding the reduction of body fat and helping to promote muscle development, you can expect this ingredient to have a positive effect on your body composition. CLA may also exert anti-cancer properties, improve insulin sensitivity and increase bone mineral density.
Caffeine is a methylated alkaloid which has mild central nervous system (CNS) stimulating properties. This stimulant is absorbed from the digestive tract and helps to increase energy, mental alertness and excitability by antagonising adenosine. By blocking adenosine, caffeine facilitates dopamine and acetyl-choline transmission which leads to increases in focus, energy levels and metabolism. Caffeine reaches peak effect 15-60 minutes post ingestion and continues to work for between 2.5-4.5 hours. It also has a mild diuretic effect.
Carnitine is derived from amino acids lysine and methionine in the body. It plays an important role in the muscle cell energy cycle where it aids fatty acid metabolism. Carnitine helps to remove short-chain fatty acids from the mitochondria which inhibit energy metabolism as they accumulate and has antioxidant properties which protect the body from free radical damage particularly during exercise.
You will often see Carnitine paired with Tartrate which promotes hormonal balance. It is essential for good cardiovascular health and guards against fat build up around the heart and liver. Collectively they work to improve energy metabolism which aids healthy weight loss.
‘Chelate’ refers to that fact that chromium is bonded to other molecules in order to enhance absorption. Chromium is a trace mineral involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. It plays a role in appetite regulation, reduces sugar cravings and increases insulin sensitivity while helping to maintain a healthy cardiovascular system and reduce LDL (Low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol. It is therefore a very active and effective ingredient to be present in fat burners helping to promote fat loss and lean muscle gains.
Green Tea Extract
Green tea extract is well known for its antioxidant properties, but there are many other benefits to gain from this ingredient. It is affiliated with boosting the metabolism and helping to promote healthy weight loss and lower LDL (bad) cholesterol. Green tea extract contains L-theanine, which is believed to reduce stress and improve the quality of your sleep too. Not only will you be reaching your weight loss goals, you will feel revitalised from all the great sleep you will be having!
Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid which plays an important role in the production of neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine. It helps to increase mental alertness and decrease stress levels. High levels of stress can influence eating habits and lead to weight gain.
Cayenne pepper is an antioxidant rich and delicious spice which helps to boost immunity and prevent degeneration in those suffering from diseases of that nature. Ingestion of spices has a thermogenic effect on the body which causes the body to increase metabolism in order to regain homeostasis (normal internal environment of the body). Capsaicin found in cayenne pepper is associated with suppressing appetite which makes this spice a great addition to any fat loss supplement.
Ginseng is most commonly used to lower LDL cholesterol, increase energy levels and enhance endurance. It also helps to reduce/delay fatigue and decrease the levels of stress hormone cortisol in the body. All in all it helps to increase physical capacity which encourages a healthy, active lifestyle.
Bitter Orange Peel
Bitter orange peel is linked with increasing metabolism and heart rate and appears to have a positive influence on appetite regulation.
While other vitamins are often included in fat burning, vitamin B6 is one of the more popular choices. This water-soluble vitamin is involved in amino acid, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, aids the regulation of blood glucose and increases thyroid activity which enhances the rate of resting metabolism. Vitamin B6 also helps to increase energy levels, support immune function and improve memory.
Phosphatidlyserine is a natural phosphate-containing lipid molecule which is mainly located in cellular membranes and concentrated in skeletal muscle tissue. It decreases cortisol levels which prevent stress-related loss of muscle tissue and increases in fat mass. Phosphatidlyserine provides favourable conditions for muscle synthesis, reduces fatigue and improves muscle recovery helping you to make the most of an active lifestyle.