Scientific Breakthrough : Cellular Shipping Earns A Nobel Prize!

Three Scientists have made a breakthrough finding which earned them the highest accolade, the Nobel Prize! Their award was in recognition of their outstanding achievements for discovering the key role that ‘vesicles’ play in cell communication.

James Rothman, Randy Schekman and Thomas Sudhof managed to isolate the mechanisms behind the delivery of specific materials to specific destinations inside of the cell. The mechanisms behind internal cell communication are complex, and until recently were relatively unclear causing scientists to scratch their heads all around the world…until now. They discovered that ‘vesicles’ act like fleets of ships delivering their goods to the appropriate destinations within the cell, having massive implications on our understanding of cell transport both inside and outside the cell. The significance of this discovery is key to shedding more light on the way the brain communicates, releases hormones, and regulates our immune function.

Cells are like public transport, in order for them to function as they should everything needs to arrive at the correct destination, in the right order, and at the right time…Rothman et al. have found the key to this.

Significance of the Nobel Prize

So what makes a Nobel Prize so incredibly special, well allow me to run some of the previous winners and their achievements by you. In the space of just over a century the Nobel Prize has been awarded to just 104 people to 204 Nobel Laureates including the following for their discoveries in medicine and physiology:

- Sir Alexander FlemingErnst Boris Chain and Sir Howard, Walter Florey, for their discovery of penicillin and its curative effect.

- Robert Koch, for his role in treating Tuberculosis.

- Edmond H. Fischer and Edwin G. Krebs, for their discovery of reversible protein phosphorylation in biological regulation.

- Robert G. Edwards, for his role in the development of in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

And in 2013, the abovementioned James E. RothmanRandy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof, for their discovery of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells.

References

Nobelprize.org, (2013). All Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine. Retrieved 9th October, 2013, from Discount Supplements

 

 

About the Author

Job Role Qualified Dietitian and Sports Nutritionist Qualifications BSc (Hons) Sports Science | BSc (Hons) Dietetics Tom has always participated in sport both recreationally and competitively which led to an unquenchable thirst for information on anything health, nutrition and fitness. After leaving school Tom went on to play for a football academy during which time he studied Sport and Exercise Science. From here he went on to study a BSc (Hons) Sport Science at UEA followed by his second BSc (Hons) degree, this time at the University of Hertfordshire studying Dietetics. Tom has worked in the fitness, educational and clinical nutrition industry starting out at David Lloyd Health and Leisure Clubs. He then went on to work as a Dietitian (RD) in the NHS, during which time he conducted clinics for healthy eating, weight loss and weight gain, as well as specialised consultations on Diabetes, IBS and Coeliac disease to name a few. He has vast amounts of experience at devising diet plans and supplement regimens, as well as working in the community with schools and competitive athletes. As Head Nutritionist and Supplement expert at Discount Supplements Tom is here to provide current and evidence based health and nutrition information to help you reach your health and fitness goals!
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