Three Scientists have made a breakthrough finding which earned them the highest accolade, the Nobel Prize! Their award was in recognition of their outstanding achievements for discovering the key role that ‘vesicles’ play in cell communication.
James Rothman, Randy Schekman and Thomas Sudhof managed to isolate the mechanisms behind the delivery of specific materials to specific destinations inside of the cell. The mechanisms behind internal cell communication are complex, and until recently were relatively unclear causing scientists to scratch their heads all around the world…until now. They discovered that ‘vesicles’ act like fleets of ships delivering their goods to the appropriate destinations within the cell, having massive implications on our understanding of cell transport both inside and outside the cell. The significance of this discovery is key to shedding more light on the way the brain communicates, releases hormones, and regulates our immune function.
Cells are like public transport, in order for them to function as they should everything needs to arrive at the correct destination, in the right order, and at the right time…Rothman et al. have found the key to this.
Significance of the Nobel Prize
So what makes a Nobel Prize so incredibly special, well allow me to run some of the previous winners and their achievements by you. In the space of just over a century the Nobel Prize has been awarded to just 104 people to 204 Nobel Laureates including the following for their discoveries in medicine and physiology:
- Robert Koch, for his role in treating Tuberculosis.
- Robert G. Edwards, for his role in the development of in vitro fertilisation (IVF).
Nobelprize.org, (2013). All Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine. Retrieved 9th October, 2013, from Discount Supplements